The Rules of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ) – EXPLAINED!


Ninh explains, The Rules of Brazilian Jiu
Jitsu The object of the game is to either score
more points than your opponent, or force them into submission. Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, commonly referred to
as BJJ, is a Brazilian Martial Art derived from the Japanese Martial Art of Jiu Jitsu,
that has become popular worldwide for its effectiveness as a ground fighting system. It’s contested on a square mat, with an
area a minimum of 8m x 8m and a maximum of 10m x 10m. Once the referee tells you to go, the match
begins. To understand how to score points, you must
first understand the positions. This is the neutral position, where no fighter
is on top of one another. The fighter on the top is known as top position
and the fighter on the bottom is known as bottom position. A guard is where a fighter in the bottom position
uses his legs to prevent fighter on top from achieving any kind of control. A half guard is where the fighter on the bottom
has control of one of the opponent’s legs. If you manage to force your opponent to the
ground, and establish top position for 3 seconds, this is known as a takedown and this scores
2 points. If you are in the top position free from any
guard, and can place a knee or shin controlling opponents torso – this is known as ‘knee
on belly’, and this scores 2 points. If you are in the bottom position and use
the guard to force yourself onto the top, resulting in your opponent being on the bottom
instead, for three seconds, this is known as a sweep and this scores 2 points. If you are able to escape from either the
full or half guard, and maintain a stabilised position for 3 seconds on top, this is known
as a Guard Pass and this scores 3 points. If you are free from any guard, and can sit
on the opponents’ torso with both knees or feet on the ground for three seconds, this
is known as a mount and scores 4 points. You can also score this with one knee and
one foot on the ground if the opponent is on their side. And, if you are free from any guard and can
control of your opponents back with heels placed inside your opponents inner thighs,
this is a Back Control and this scores 4 points. If you almost perform any of these moves or
don’t fully complete them for the required amount of time, this is known as an advantage
and scores 1 advantage point. Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is contested in just one
round of anywhere up to 10 minutes. The highest score at the end of time wins. If the contest ends in a tie, the fighter
with the highest amount of advantage points wins. If they’re the same also, it comes down
to the least penalties or referee’s decision. However, you can win the contest automatically
at any time – if you force your opponent into submission. This is done by either locking your opponents’
limbs, back or neck to cause them excessive pain. There are at least 50 ways to perform submission
moves. For example the rear naked choke hold, arm
bar and the dreaded triangle. If a fighter has had enough, they can repeatedly
tap the floor or their opponent to signal that they submit, and the contest is over. You can also win the contest if your opponent
loses consciousness, is too injured to continue or is disqualified. Now that’s a lot to take in, but there’s
a few other things you’ll need to know before fighting or watching Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. For example:
Things you cannot do. There are plenty of things you cannot do during
the course of a bout. Here’s a list of a few, but there are many
others. Committing these or breaking any other rules
may result in penalties, or disqualification. Penalty. If a fighter performs illegal moves, shows
lack of discipline, shows lack of combativeness or does something that breaks the rules, a
penalty point shall be awarded against them. In the event of a tie, the amount of penalty
points matters in judging the overall decision. Side Control
A side control is where the fighter on top is lying perpendicular to the fighter on bottom. Whilst this is a dominant position, doing
this alone will not score any points. However, this is a good position to be able
to score points. It’s also known as a side mount or a cross
mount. North South Position
This is where the fighter on top is the opposite way around to the fighter on the bottom. Again doing this alone will not score any
points. It’s also known as a four quarter. Gi / No Gi. Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is contested where combatants
wear a Gi – which is the traditional uniform similar to that of Judo. However, some contests are no Gi and they
do not wear this uniform. This is to prevent you from excessively grabbing
your opponents clothing and vice versa. This video is a summary of the International
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Federation rules, but different organisations may have different
rules. So always check with your local organisation
before you begin. If you have found this video at all helpful,
please be sure to like, share and subscribe. It takes me ages to make one of these things
and good karma is very much appreciated. If you’re also on Reddit, you can post this
video and discuss it there. But in the meantime, enjoy Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. Ninh ly – www.ninh.co.uk – @NinhLyUK

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